Last updated: February 24, 2020
The analgesic ingredient, Oxycodone, is a semi-synthetic narcotic with effects similar to those of morphine; the most significant is the impact on the central nervous system and organs composed of smooth muscle. It is synthesized from poppy-derived thebaine in an attempt to improve on the existing opioids: morphine, diacetylmorphine (heroin), and codeine.
Oxycodone oral medications are generally prescribed for the relief of moderate to severe pain in cases such as such as childbirth, cancer, arthritis, surgery and fractures. When this drug is taken repeatedly over a long period of time, dependency can develop. This is due to the fact that tolerance is developed and larger doses are necessary in order to receive the same effect. Even when it is taken as prescribed by the doctor, side effects can include: constipation, nausea, dry mouth, excessive sweating and headaches.
This drug is formulated either as single ingredient products or compounded products, such as oxycodone with acetaminophen/paracetamol or NSAIDs such as ibuprofen. The formulations are available as generics but are also made under various brand names. OxyContin is Purdue Pharma’s brand for time-release oral oxycodone. It is also known by several other names including: Percocet, Tylox, Percodan and OxyContin.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) reports that approximately 1.9 million people in the United States have taken Oxycodone, at one point or another, in illicit ways. This drug gives the abuser a euphoric feeling which as a result lessens anxiety. This is the main reason that many people abuse this drug. In addition, the ease in availability of the drug has also led to more people abusing it, especially teenagers and young adults. The use of alcohol or any other depressant along with benzodiazepines can be life threatening.