The transportation industry in Atlanta is tightly regulated by DOT drug testing regulations to keep motorists safe.
While most most employers are free to tailor their drug free workplace program as they see fit, a DOT drug testing program has very specific requirements on who must be tested, when a test is required, the procedure, drugs tested for, and the type of test.
It’s important to follow these regulations to the letter because failure to do so can result in fines, loss of license, and in more extreme cases, closure of the business.
Maintaining the appropriate paperwork, following proper procedures, and staying up to date on DOT drug testing regulations is a massive undertaking. This is why many companies choose to hire an outside compliance specialist from USAMDT of Atlanta.
Who must be tested under DOT regulations?
DOT regulations require that all employees working in safety-sensitive jobs be tested for drug and alcohol use. This includes:
- Most aviation employees, including flight crews, flight attendants, flight instructors, air traffic controllers, aircraft dispatchers, aircraft maintenance or preventative maintenance personnel, ground security coordinators and aviation screeners.
- Commercial Drivers License (CDL) holders who operate commercial motor vehicles, 26,001 lbs. gvwr. or greater, or operate a vehicle that carries 16 passengers or more including the driver.
- Maritime crew members operating a commercial vessel.
- Pipeline employees, including operations, maintenance, and emergency response personnel.
- Railroad employees, including Hours of Service Act personnel, engine and train, signal service, or train dispatchers.
- Transit employees, including vehicle operators, controllers, mechanics, and armed security.
When is DOT drug testing required
Many employers utilize pre-employment drug testing to avoid hiring employees with a substance abuse problem. DOT regulations take it a step further, requiring drug testing under the following circumstances:
- Reasonable suspicion
- Return to duty
- Follow-up testing
DOT drug testing procedure
Upon notification that a DOT drug test is required, the employee must report immediately to the collection site, or in the case of mobile drug testing, a collector will travel to the employee. A restroom will be secured, the employee will be identified, the specimen will be collected and then delivered to the lab. A medical review officer will then review the results and inform the employer whether the test was positive or negative.
Which drugs are tested for under DOT regulations?
- Amphetamines (meth, speed, crank, ecstasy)
- Cocaine (coke, crack)
- THC (cannabinoids, marijuana, hash)
- Opiates (heroin, opium, codeine, morphine)
- Phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust)
Type of drug test
Under DOT guidelines, only urine drug testing is acceptable. While this is the least convenient compared to hair or oral drug testing, it’s also the most accurate and reliable.